Despite significant efforts, access to electricity remains inadequate across Sub-Saharan Africa and India. Of the over 1,27 billion people living in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2016, roughly 65% did not have access to electricity. India has made considerable strides in village-level electrification, with 96% of all villages now electrified. Yet 51 million Indian households (244 million people) still lack access to electricity today. Lack of electricity has severe economic impacts: the costs of power outages can easily reach 1–2% of GDP.2 At the local level, studies show that schools without electricity have poorer staff retention and educational outcomes than those with and that electrification has positive effects on household incomes.At the macrolevel, connectivity, healthcare, agriculture, and smallbusiness development are just a few of the sectors that depend on a reliable energy supply. African firms report losing 5% of their sales because of frequent power outage; that figure rises to 20% for informal firms unable to afford backup generation.